June 7 – June 28, 2023
Wednesday from 3-5 pm PT / 6-8pm ET
Instructors: Peter Staudenmaier, Hilary Moore, Blair Taylor, Michael Premo, and Richard Hames
This course is also available as a self-directed flex course here. It may also be taken for college credit. Please inquire at email@example.com for details.
Although today ecology is largely understood as a movement of the political left, the history of environmental thought and action demonstrates it to be much more complex and politically ambivalent. The ecofascist manifestos left by the Christchurch and El Paso shooters have given a new visibility to right wing ecology in general and ecofascism in particular, but they build on a much longer history of reactionary politics in ecological guise. There is an urgent need to understand and combat these deadly ideologies, and to consider how they complicate our movements to build a free and ecological society.
The course will look at the history of right-wing ecology up until the present, spanning green tendencies within Nazism in Germany, far-right parties that blame immigrants for climate change, to ecofascists who use population ecology to advocate white ethnostates. We’ll also look at how ecological ideas have been utilized by less explicitly right-wing environmental actors to reinforce anti-egalitarian views, from the racist and colonial foundations of conservation ecology to key voices in radical environmental movements like Earth First! decrying non-white immigration. We will examine what ecological topics and themes are harnessed to racist, sexist, and eugenicist ends, and dig into the theoretical and philosophical assumptions about nature lurking behind them. Lastly, we will discuss how activists today can avoid falling into these traps, respond to the growth of right-wing ecological discourse, and offer a more compelling liberatory vision of ecology.
The course aims to give participants tools for assessing the political moment and the conditions we live in, understand the historical development of ecofascism and the context of its current expressions, and to leave feeling more prepared to recognize and challenge ecofascist tendencies.
Weekly Lecture Schedule:
June 7th: Confronting Ecofascism: Environmental Politics and the Radical Right
Instructor: Peter Staudenmaier
Environmental activists working toward an emancipatory and ecological future face a wide array of challenges in today’s fractured world. One of the most difficult problems is the growing trend of right-wing environmentalism, where far right groups appropriate ecological politics for their own ends, from anti-immigrant agitation to full-blown forms of ecofascism. We will examine the historical and contemporary roots of ecofascist ideas and movements from a variety of perspectives, offering critical tools for understanding and confronting the convergence between ecology and the radical right.
June 14: How the Racist Right Exploits the Climate Crisis – And What We Can Do About It
Instructors: Hilary Moore & Michael Premo
How do far right formations leverage the climate crisis toward domination politics? How do we prevent the co-optation of our own messaging in climate justice campaigns? What counter-moves are available to us as more far right groups engage in the politics of the climate crisis? This introductory session will unpack the ways Left and progressive formations mistakenly cede political space to far right efforts, as well as examine current case studies of resistance, and offer strategic questions on effective coalition-building in this time of rising global authoritarianism.
June 21: Social Ecological Responses to Ecofascism and Far-right Environmentalism in the United States
Instructor: Blair Taylor
This section will examine the ecological politics of the U.S. right, focusing on the so-called “Alt-Right.” We will explore how a variety of anti-egalitarian views – antisemitism, racism, gender traditionalism, homophobia – have been harnessed to and justified by an ecological framework. Analyzing how the alt-right borrows from left and ecological discourses as fascist predecessors have, we’ll focus on how older themes like organic agriculture and animal rights are updated while incorporating new concepts like biocentrism, multiculturalism, ecological anticapitalism, biodiversity, and Indigenism. Ecology has become an increasingly important political theme for those segments of the contemporary far right who reject traditional pro-business conservative positions for various esoteric, revolutionary, and anti-modernist ideologies. What tools does social ecology offer in terms of analysis and offering a more compelling ecological vision?
June 28: Fascism and Ecology in the Neoliberal Age
Instructor: Richard Hames
This section questions the idea of ‘fascism’ and its connection with ecology. What is the current status of ‘fascism’ if the historical movement relied on specific social conditions, such as the presence of mass movements and the practical undermining of state monopolies on violence through paramilitarism, that are no longer present? We will look at political theory that attempts to locate us in a specific moment of capitalist history – neoliberalism – with specific consequences for political form. This will involve opening questions of the relationship between ideology, social and political structure and regimes of accumulation. It will also involve the question of whether we are now exiting this period of history and what this means for far-right movements and their relationship to ecological thought, meditated as it is by the regime of accumulation.